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 ACCIDENT & FIRST AID

Helping accident victims
First aid steps
Danger
Response
Airway
Breathing
Circulation
Understanding road accident data

  Traffic Signs

Mandatory/Regulatory Signs
Stop & give way
Prohibitory signs
No parking & No stopping signs
Speed limit & Vehicle control
Restriction Ends
Compulsory & direction control signs
Cautionary Sign
Information Signs
Direction & place identification signs
Facility Information Signs
Other Information Signs
Parking Signs
 

Refrence Website

www.india.gov.in
 

Traffic Toll Free Number

1073  
 

  BREATHING

Once the airway has been cleared, check if the casualty is breathing.

  • STEP 1 - Check for breathing. Look, feel and listen.
  • STEP 2 - If the casualty is breathing, leave them in the Lateral (sideward) position.
  • STEP 3 - Monitor and manage shock, bleeding and any other injuries
  • STEP 4 - If the casualty is not breathing, support the head and neck, then roll onto their back and give 5 full breaths in 10 seconds

EXPIRED AIR RESUSCITATION (EAR)

Start EAR if the causality is not breathing. EAR is also called mouth-to-mouth

There are three methods of EAR:

  • Mouth-to-mouth
  • Mouth-to-nose
  • Mouth-to-mask

Turn the casualty to his side to clear the airway before starting EAR

Mouth to Mouth

  • STEP 1 - Turn the casualty onto his back
  • STEP 2 - Tilt the head back slightly and lift the jaw forward.
  • STEP 3 - Pinch the casualty’s nostrils with thumb and finger to seal the nose.
  • STEP 4- Take a deep breath and breathe into the casualty's mouth.
  • STEP 5 - Remove lips. Allow chest to fall. Turn your head to the side to check if the chest is rising and falling after each inflation
  • STEP 6 - If chest does not rise, check the angle of the head then check the airway. If the stomach rises, decrease the amount of breath.
  • STEP 7- Give 5 full breaths in 10 seconds, then check the carotid (neck) pulse
  • STEP 8 - If pulse is present, commence EAR at the rate of 15 breaths per minute.

Mouth to Nose

This is done if there is an injury in the mouth.

  • STEP 1 - Tilt the casualty's head back
  • STEP 2- Close the casualty's mouth.
  • STEP 3 - Take a deep breath and breathe into the casualty's nose.
  • STEP 4- Take your mouth away and open the casualty's mouth.
  • STEP 5- Give 5 full breaths in 10 seconds
  • STEP 6- Check the carotid (neck) pulse. If pulse is present, commence EAR at the rate of 15 breaths per minute.
 
 

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